Meet the Voices of Law Committee

Dr Jenny Benham (Cardiff – Project Lead)

Prof. Paul Russell (Cambridge)

Prof. Carole Hough (Glasgow)

Prof. John Hines (Cardiff)

Dr Helle Vogt (Copenhagen)

Dr Han Nijdam (Frisian Academy)

Dr Sara Pons-Sanz (Cardiff)

Dr Melissa Julian-Jones (Cardiff – Network Facilitator)

Professor Paul Russell (Cambridge University)

Selected Works Relating to Law and Language:

Books and Pamphlets

Welsh Law in Medieval Anglesey. British Library, Harleian MS 1796 (Latin C), Texts and Studies in Medieval Welsh Law II (Cambridge, 2011).

Tome: Studies in Medieval Celtic History and Law in Honour of Thomas Charles-Edwards, joint-editor with F. Edmonds (Woodbridge, 2011).

Vita Griffini filii Conani. The Medieval Latin Life of Gruffudd ap Cynan (Cardiff, 2005).

Introduction to the Celtic Languages (London, 1995).


‘An habes linguam Latinam? Non tam bene sapio: views of multilingualism from the early-medieval West’, in Multilingualism in the Greco-Roman Worlds, ed. Alex Mullen and Patrick James (Cambridge, 2012),193–224.

‘Latin and British in Roman and Post-Roman Britain: methodology and morphology’, Transactions of the Philological Society, 109.2 (2011), 138–57.

‘Poets, Power and Possessions in Medieval Ireland: Some Stories from Sanas Cormaic’, in Law, Literature and Society, ed. J. Eska, CSANA Yearbook 7 (Dublin, 2008), 9–45.

‘Y Naw Affaith: Aiding and Abetting in Welsh Law’, in Tair Colofn Cyfraith: The Three Columns of Law in Medieval Wales, ed. Paul Russell and T. M. Charles-Edwards (Bangor, 2007), 146–70.

‘The Three Columns of Law from Latin D (Oxford, Bodley, Rawlinson C 821)’, in Tair Colofn Cyfraith, 213–37.

‘Welsh *cynnwgl and related matters’, Studia Celtica 39 (2005), 181–8.

‘Swydd, swyddog and swyddwr: office, officer and official’, in The Welsh King and his Court, ed. Paul Russell, T. M. Charles–Edwards and Morfydd E. Owen (Cardiff, 2000), 281–95.

‘The Laws of Court from Latin B (BL, Cotton MS, Vespasian E.XI)’, in The Welsh King and his Court, 478–526.

‘Laws, glossaries, and legal glossaries in early Ireland’, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie, 51 (1998), 85–115.

Dr Han Nijdam (Fryske Akademy)

Selected Works Relating to Law and Language:


Lichaam, eer en recht in middeleeuws Friesland. Een studie naar de Oudfriese boeteregisters (Hilversum 2008).

‘Belichaamde eer, wraak en vete. Een historischen cognitief-antropologische benadering’, Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 123 (2010), 192–207.

Baker, P., H. Nijdam and K. van’t Land (eds.), Medicine and Space: Body, Surroundings, and Borders in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Brill Publishers; Leiden and Boston 2012).

‘Honour and Shame Embodied. The Case of Medieval Frisia’, in: Bénédicte Sère & Jörg Wettlaufer (eds.), Shame between Punishment and Penance. The Social Usages of Shame in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times / La honte entre peine et pénitence – les usages sociaux de la honte au Moyen Âge et aux débuts de lépoque moderne. Micrologus Library Vol. 111 (Firenze 2013), 65–88.

‘Compensating Body and Honor: The Old Frisian Compensation Tariffs’, in: W.J. Turner en S.M. Butler (red.), Medicine and Law in the Middle Ages. Medieval Law and its Practice 17 (Leiden and Boston 2014), 25–57.

‘Indigenous or Universal? A Comparative Perspective on Medieval (Frisian) Compensation Law’, in: P. Andersen, K. Salonen, H. Sigh, H. Vogt (eds.), How Nordic are the Nordic Laws? Ten years after. Proceedings of the Tenth Carlsberg Conference on Medieval Legal History 2013 (Copenhagen 2014), 161–181.

Dr Sara Pons-Sanz (Cardiff)

Selected Works Relating to Law and Language:

Monographs and textbooks

The Language of Early English Literature: From Cædmon to Milton. Perspectives on the English Language. Houndmills, 2014.

The Lexical Effects of Anglo-Scandinavian Linguistic Contact on Old English. Studies in the Early Middle Ages 1. Turnhout, 2013. [with Jordi Sánchez] Manual d’anglès medieval tardà. Series Joan Fuster 109. Alicante, 2010.

Norse-Derived Vocabulary in Late Old English Texts: Wulfstan’s Works, a Case Study. NOWELE Supplement Series 22. Odense, 2007. 318 pages.

Edited collections

[with Julia Fernández Cuesta] The Old English Glosses to the Lindisfarne Gospels: Author, Language and Context. Buchreihe der Anglia / Anglia Book Series, Vol. 51. Berlin, De Gruyter, 2016.

Articles and book chapters

Reassessing the semantic history of OE brēad / ME brēdEnglish Language and Linguistics, (Apr. 2016) 1-21.

‘Identifying and Dating Norse-Derived Terms in Medieval English: Approaches and Methods’. Early Germanic Languages in Contact: A Symposium. Eds. John Ole Askedal and Hans Frede. NOWELE  Supplement Series. Amsterdam, forthcoming, 2016.

Norse-derived terms in Orm’s lexico-semantic field of EMOTIONJournal of English and Germanic Philology 114(4), pp. 552-586

‘A Study of Aldred’s Multiple Glosses to the Lindisfarne Gospels’. The Old English Glosses the Lindisfarne Gospels: Author, Language and Context. Eds Julia Fernández Cuesta and Sara M. Pons-Sanz. Buchreiche der Anglia. Berlin, 2015.

‘The Etymology of the Word-Field of Old English hore and the Lexico-Cultural Climate of Eleventh-Century England.’ Nottingham Medieval Studies 55 (2011): 32-48.

‘Norse-Derived Vocabulary in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.’ Reading the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Language, Literature, History. Ed. Alice Jorgensen. Studies in the Early Middle Ages, 23. Turnhout, 2010. Pp. 275-304.

‘Norse-Derived Terms and Structures in The Battle of Maldon.’ Journal of English and Germanic Philology 107 (2008): 421-44.

‘Two Compounds in the Old English and Old Norse Versions of the Prose Phoenix.’ Arkiv för nordisk filologi 122 (2007): 137-56.

‘A Paw in Every Pie: Wulfstan and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Again.’ Leeds Studies in English ns 38 (2007): 31-52.

‘An Etymological Note on Two Old English Medical Terms: ridesoht and flacg.’ Studia Neophilologica 79 (2007): 45-53.

‘A Reconsideration of Wulfstan’s Use of Norse-Derived Terms: The Case of þr?l.’ English Studies 88 (2007): 1-21.

‘Anglo-Scandinavian Trade or Paganism? OE hæðen in the First Cleopatra Glossary.’ Modern Language Review 101 (2006): 625-37.

‘OE m¬al as a Gloss for L clasma in Aldhelmian Glossaries.’ Notes and Queries 251 (2006): 395-98.

‘Sharpening, Confiding and OE getryccað.’ Notes and Queries 251 (2006): 146-50.

‘OE fes(i)an / ME fesen Revisited.’ Neophilologus 90 (2006): 119-34.

‘The Norse Origin of OE afol / ME afell: Is Evidence Strong Enough?’ English Language Notes 43 (2005): 1-8.

‘An Etymological Note on of life forr?dan.’ American Notes and Queries 18.2 (2005): 6-9.

‘Friends and Relatives in Need of an Explanation: Gr. anagkaîos, L necessarius and PGmc *nauð-.’ Journal of English and Germanic Philology 104 (2005): 1-11.

‘For Gode and for worolde: Wulfstan’s Differentiation of the Divine and Worldly Realms through Word-Formation Processes.’ English Studies 85 (2004): 281-96.

Assoc. Prof. Helle Vogt (Copenhagen)

Selected English publications:

Denmark I: The Laws of Scania, Zealand and Jutland & Denmark II: Liber legis Scaniae, the Latin texts. Ditlev Tamm and Helle Vogt (eds), Routledge 2016.

“Finding, Slicing the Pie, and Risk of Loss: Of Whales, Bees, and Other Valuable Finds in Iceland, Denmark, and Norway” [with William Ian Miller], Journal of Comparative Legal History vol. 3, no. 1, 2015, 38-59

“‘Likewise no one shall be tortured’ The use of judicial torture in early modern Denmark”, Scandinavian Journal of History, vol. 39, no. 1, 2014, 78-99.

“Danish Penal Law in the Middle Ages: Cases of Homicide and Wounding”, in New Approaches to Early Law in Scandinavia. Vol. 3. Ed. Stefan Brink; Lisa Collinson. Turnhout : Brepols Publishers, 2014. pp. 185-200.

“The power to judge in thirteenth-century Denmark”, K. Esmark, L. Hermanson, H.J. Orning & H. Vogt (eds), Disputing Strategies in Medieval Scandinavia, Brill, 2013, 161-180.

“Creating a Danish legal language: legal terminology in the medieval Law of Scania” [with D. Tamm], Historical Research, vol. LXXXVI, no 233, 2013, 505-514.

“‘With law the land shall be built’: Danish legislation for the realm in the thirteenth century”, Steinar Imsen (ed.): Legislation and State Formation: Norway and its Neighbours in the Middle Ages, Trondheim: Akademika Publishing, 2013, 85-99.

The Function of Kinship in Nordic Medieval Legislation. Medieval Law and its Practice 9. Brill 2010

””Fledføring” – Elder Care and the Protection of the Interests of the Heirs in Danish Medieval Laws”, Legal History Review 76 (2008), 273-281.

Prof. Carole Hough (Glasgow)

Selected Works Related to Law and Language:

‘The earliest English texts? The language of the Kentish laws reconsidered’, in Textus Roffensis in Context. Law, Language, and Libraries in Early Medieval England, edited by Bruce O’Brien and Barbara Bombi, Studies in the Early Middle Ages. York: Brepols, in press.

“An Ald Reht”: Essays on Anglo-Saxon Law. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2014. ISBN (10): 1-4438-5480-8; ISBN (13): 978-1-4438-5480-1. 276 pp.

‘Naming and royal authority in Anglo-Saxon law’, in Kingship, Legislation and Power in Anglo-Saxon England, edited by Gale Owen-Crocker and Brian W. Schneider, Publications of the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies 13 (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2013; ISBN 978-84383-877-7), pp. 201–217.

Review of Lisi Oliver, The Body Legal in Barbarian Law, Toronto, Buffalo and London, University of Toronto Press, 2011. Pp. 304. $65.00 (ISBN 978-0-8020-9706-4), Law and History Review 30 (2012), 641–642.

‘Women and law in the Anglo-Saxon Period’, Early English Laws project, online resource, 2012 <>

‘The church and Anglo-Saxon law’, in The English Parish Church Through the Centuries, edited by Dee Dyas (York: Centre for the Study of Christianity and Culture, University of York, 2010; ISBN 978-0-9550673-2-7, CD-ROM).

‘Women and the law in seventh-century England’, Nottingham Medieval Studies 51 (2007), 207–230.

‘Christianity and Anglo-Saxon law’, in Pilgrims and Pilgrimage: Journey, Spirituality and Daily Life through the Centuries, edited by Dee Dyas (Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York and St John’s College, Nottingham, 2007; ISBN 0-9550673-1-6 CD-ROM).

‘Numbers in manuscripts of Anglo-Saxon law’, in Writing and Texts in Anglo-Saxon England, edited by Alexander R. Rumble, Publications of the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies, 5 (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2006; ISBN 1-84384-090-1), pp. 114–136.

Prof. John Hines (Cardiff)

Selected Works Relevant to Law and Language:

Anglo-Saxon Graves and Grave Goods of the 6th and 7th Centuries AD: A Chronological Framework. [with Alex Bayliss, Karen Høilund Nielsen, Gerry McCormac and Christopher Scull] (London: Society for Medieval Archaeology, 2013)

‘Redating early England: explaining the end of early Anglo-Saxon funerary traditions’, Current Archaeology, 285 (2013), 12-19.

‘Social structures and social change in seventh century England: the law codes and complementary sources’, Historical Research, 86 (2013), 394–407.

‘Units of account in gold and silver in seventh century England: scillingas, sceattas and pæningas’, Antiquaries Journal, 90 (2010), 153-73.

‘The writing of English in Kent: contexts and influences from the sixth to the ninth century’, NOWELE, 50-51 (2007), 63-92.

‘Gerefa §§15 and 17: a grammatical analysis of the lists of nouns’, Medieval Archaeology, 50 (2006), 268-70

Voices in the Past: English Literature and Archaeology (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 2004)

‘The becoming of the English: identity, material culture and language in early Anglo-Saxon England’, in Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History, 7. Ed. William Filmer-Sankey and David Griffiths (Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology, 1994), pp. 49-59.

Dr Jenny Benham (Cardiff)

Selected Works Relevant to Law and Language:


Benham, J. 2013. Law or treaty? Defining the edge of legal studies in the early and high medieval periodsHistorical Research 86(233), pp. 487-497. (10.1111/1468-2281.12025)

Benham, J. 2004. Philip Augustus and the Angevin Empire: the Scandinavian connexionMediaeval Scandinavia 14, pp. 37-50.


Benham, J. 2011. Peacemaking in the Middle Ages: principles and practice. Manchester Medieval Studies. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Book Sections

Benham, J. 2017. Danelaw. In: Echard, S. and Rouse, R. eds. The encyclopedia of medieval literature in Britain.   Wiley. pdf

Benham, J. 2016. Writing peace, writing war: Roger of Howden and Saxo Grammaticus compared. In: Munster-Swendsen, M. ed. History and Intellectual Culture in the Long Twelfth Century: The Scandinavian Connection. Durham Medieval and Renaissance Monographs and Essays  Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, pp. 272-294. pdf

Benham, J. 2014. Law, language and crime in Denmark and England: a comparative approach. In: Andersen, P. et al. eds. How Nordic are the Nordic Medieval Laws: Ten Years After. Proceedings of the 10th Carlsberg Academy Conference on Medieval Legal History.   Djet Forlag. pdf

Benham, J. 2014. Wounding in the High Middle Ages: law and practice. In: Kirkham, A. and Warr, C. eds. Wounds in the Middle Ages.   Routledge, pp. 151-174.

Benham, J. 2013. Walter Map and Ralph Glaber: Intertextuality and the Construction of Memories of Peacemaking. In: Di Bacco, G. and Plumley, Y. eds. Citation, Intertextuality and Memory in the Middle Ages and Rennaissance. Volume 2: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives on Medieval Culture. Exeter Studies in Medieval Europe Exeter:  University of Exeter Press.

Benham, J. 2013. Perceptions of war and peace: the role of treaties from the tenth to the early thirteenth centuries. In: Bleach, L. and Borrill, K. eds. Battle and Bloodshed: The Medieval World at War.  Newcastle upon Tyne:  Cambridge Scholars, pp. 217-230.

Benham, J. 2005. Anglo-French peace conferences in the Twelfth Century. In: Gillingham, J. ed. Anglo-Norman Studies XXVII.   Boydell and Brewer, pp. 52-67.

Dr Melissa Julian-Jones

Julian-Jones, M. 2015. Finding Caerau: The ‘lost’ hillfort of Cardiff in the Middle AgesMorgannwg: The Journal of Glamorgan History 59, pp. 93-114.

Julian-Jones, M. 2015. Family strategy or personal principles? The Corbets in the reign of Henry III. In: Burton, J., Schofield, P. and Weiler, B. eds. Thirteenth Century England XV: Authority and Resistance in the Age of Magna Carta. Proceedings of the Aberystwyth and Lampeter Conference, 2013.   Boydell & Brewer, pp. 69-82.

Julian-Jones, M. 2015. The land of the raven and the wolf: family power and strategy in the Welsh March. 1199- c.1300, Corbets and the Cantilupes. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University. pdf