Translation & Transcription Guides

~The VoL Translation Booklet Booklet is available for free download as a .pdf.

VoL Translation Image~

Modernists benefit from projects such as Transcribe Bentham, an AHRC-funded project that has produced a new eLearning resource for use with all levels of education including A-Levels and Scottish Highers.


Okrent, Cathy, Legal Terminology for Transcription and Court Reporting, Cram 101 Textbook Reviews, (CTI Reviews, 2012)


For Medievalists, the following projects should be signposted:


But the best translation/transcription guides are probably to be found here:





  • Bischoff, Bernard, Latin Paleography: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, trans by Dáibhí Ó Cróinín and David Ganz, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990)
  • Boyle, Leonard E., Medieval Latin Paleography: A Bibliographical Introduction, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984)
  • Brasington, Bruce, Order in the Court: Medieval Procedural Treatises in Translation, (Leiden: Brill), 2016
  • Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources,
  • Harrington, K. P., and Joseph Michael Pucci, Medieval Latin: Second Edn, (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1997)
  • Mantello, Frank Anthony Carl and A. G. Rigg, Medieval Laitin: and Introduction and Bibliographical Guide, (Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1996)
  • Sidwell, Keith, Reading Medieval Latin, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)
  • Trice, Martin Charles, The record interpreter: a collection of abbreviations, Latin words and names used in English historical manuscripts and records, (London: Reeves & Turner, 1892) – several reprints are available via booksellers like Amazon



  • Marcuse, Michael J., A Reference Guide for English Studies, (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1990)
  • Poole Grieve, Hilda Elizabeth, Examples of English Handwriting 1150-1750, (Essex Education Committee, 1966)
  • Preston, Jean F., and Laetitia Yeandle, English Handwriting 1400-1650: an introductory manual, (Asheville: Pegasus Press, 1999)



  • Dennis, Andrew, Peter Foote and Richard Perkins, trans., Laws of Early Iceland: Grágás I, (Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1980)
  • Tamm, Ditlev and Helle Vogt eds, The Medieval Danish Laws: the Laws of Scania, Zealand and Jutland, (London: Routledge, 2016)


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